How to Perform Arithmetic Operations on Numeric Variables When Load Testing
When we are performing load or functional tests, we often need to conduct arithmetic operations on our variables. Imagine for example that we are testing an API that returns three parameters with a numeric value. One of the parameters is the sum of the other two. To verify that the API performs the addition operation correctly, we need to perform the addition operation ourselves and compare it to the value returned by the API.
To perform arithmetic operations on variables of a numeric data type (these are int, long, float, double, short, byte), we use the arithmetic characters shown in the table below.
Arithmetic Operations | Description |
- | Subtraction |
+ | Addition |
* | Multiplication |
/ | Division |
% |
The remainder of a division Ex: 22%7=1 In testing, this operation is rarely used, but it is necessary to know and understand its meaning. |
Arithmetic Operations with an Assignment | Description |
+= | Addition operation with assignment (explained below) |
-+ | Subtraction operation with assignment |
*= | Multiplication operation with assignment |
/= | Division operation with assignment |
%= | Remainder of division operation with assignment |
Incrementing and Decrementing Operations | Description |
++ | Increment (increase by 1) |
-- | Decrement (decrease by 1) |
Arithmetic Operations with Assignments
In arithmetic operations with an assignment, a joint operation is performed: first adding/subtracting/etc., and then assigning the result to the variable. These constructions are quite common when using the logic control operators "while" and "for".
Let’s look at an example.
The expression a + = 4, is equivalent to the following expression a = a + 4. If in the code we replace a + = 4 by a = a + 4, then we get the identical result. The table below shows the result of the + = operator at each step, if we were using a “for” loop.
The steps in the “for” loop | Calculation | The final value of the variable "a" |
before the start of the “for” loop | a=0 | 0 |
0 step | a=0+4 | 4 |
1 step | a=4+4 | 8 |
2 step | a=8+4 | 12 |
3 step | a=12+4 | 16 |
4 step | a=16+4 | 20 |
5 step | a=20+4 | 24 |
6 step | a=24+4 | 28 |
7 step | a=28+4 | 32 |
8 step | a=32+4 | 36 |
9 step | a=36+4 | 40 |
Implementing Arithmetic Operations in JMeter
In order to implement the execution of arithmetic operations in Apache JMeter™, it is necessary to do the following.
1. Add a Thread Group
Test Plan -> Add -> Threads (Users) -> Thread Group
2. Add a JSR223 Sampler
Thread Group -> Add -> Sampler -> JSR223 Sampler
3. Choose the language: Java (BeanShell 2.0b5/BeanShell Engine 1.0)
4. Open the JMeter console. The JMeter console will be used to show the results of performing arithmetic operations.
5. In the JSR223 Sampler, add your code. To start out, use the following code example.
Example code
setStrictJava (true); int a = 8; // Creating a Variable int b = 2; // Creating a Variable int c = a + b; // The addition of two variables int e = a - b; // The operation of subtracting two variables int d = a * b; // The operation of multiplying two variables int f = a / b; // The operation of division two variables int g = a % b; // Operation of obtaining the remainder from the division log.info(c + " - Addition Operation"); log.info(e + " - Subtraction operation"); log.info(d + " - Multiplication operation"); log.info(f + " - Operation of addition"); log.info(g + " - Operation of obtaining the remainder from division");
log.info - This is a method that outputs information to the JMeter console. In the code example above, the console displays the value of the variable . When writing large tests, it’s valuable to output error messages to the console, to see if an error occurs at some step. This significantly reduces the time to find out why the error occurred.
In JMeter, dividing a number by 0 causes an error, as you can see in the screenshot below:
Example code
setStrictJava (true); int a = 8; int b = 0; int c = a / b; log.info(c + "");
Now let’s look at a more advanced example.
Implementing Arithmetic Operations with Assignment and Incrementing in JMeter
When writing autotests, arithmetic operations with assignments are used quite often. These operations reduce the amount of written code, and also calculate in Java faster.
Example code
setStrictJava (true); int a = 0; for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { a += 4; log.info(a + ""); }
The sample code demonstrates the operation of addition with assignment simultaneously. The increment operation is used. Let's consider this code in more detail.
- int a = 0 - Creating a Variable;
- for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) - a cycle with a condition that repeats the assignment 10 times, adding 1 to i each time.
- int i = 0 - This is the initial value for calculating the number of steps in the cycle
- i < 10 - This condition, upon which the cycle will stop
- i++ - An incrementing operation that increments the value of the variable by 1.
- Log.info - the method of outputting data to the JMeter console
That’s it! You are now ready to use arithmetic operations in your code. To learn more advanced JMeter, try out our free JMeter academy.
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